Crack Path Analysis Technical Brief
Abstract: The objective of this work revolves around a need for an accurate numerical simulation method that computes the stress intensity factors (SIF) along a predicted crack propagation path for planar two dimensional bodies. In response to this need, ESRD has developed an automated procedure in StressCheck®, a p-version finite element analysis (FEA) tool, that computes through-crack stress intensity factors for mode I and mode II along a predicted crack propagation path. This functionality is applicable to planar analysis (2D plate with in-plane loading). The trajectory of the crack is determined by a relationship between mode I and mode II SIF’s (K1 and K2) and is shown to be very accurate.
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“The p-type element has been used to great advantage in the finite element system ESRD StressCheck®, . This software provides the engineer with the means to conduct solution verification in an extremely straightforward manner by simply increasing the degree of the element, monitoring convergence and using Richardson extrapolation reliably to estimate the error. This can be conducted automatically by the software thereby enabling the engineer to concentrate on the engineering rather than the simulation. StressCheck® has also been used to develop ESRD’s Handbook and Toolbox applications. The first of these provides engineers with a repository of parameterised standard problems of the type found in texts like Roark’s “Formulas for Stress and Strain”, . The second, Toolbox, is a tool that can be used to parameterise a company’s range of components for rapid and reliable analysis by non-expert analysis. Toolbox then is an exemplary of the way in which the democratisation of simulation can be applied.”
Angus Ramsay, PhDEngineering Director, Ramsay Maunder Associates